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SYD Landsat raw data v01


This dataset and its metadata statement were supplied to the Bioregional Assessment Programme by a third party and are presented here as originally supplied.

Landsat TM, and ETM+ data are provided in GeoTIFF for Level 1T (terrain corrected) products, or for either Level 1Gt (systematic terrain corrected) or Level 1G (systematic corrected) products, if Level 1T processing is not available. GeoTIFF defines a set of publicly available TIFF tags that describe cartographic and geodetic information associated with TIFF images. GeoTIFF is a format that enables referencing a raster image to a known geodetic model or map projection.

The initial tags are followed by image data that, in turn, may be interrupted by more descriptive tags. By using the GeoTIFF format, both metadata and image data can be encoded into the same file. The Landsat 7 ETM+ GeoTIFF file format is described in detail in the"Landsat 7 ETM+ Level 1 Product Data Format Control Book (DFCB), LSDS-272": http://landsat.usgs.gov/documents/LSDS-272.pdf. The Landsat 4-5 TM GeoTIFF file format is described in detail in the "Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) Level 1 (L1) Data Format Control Book (DFCB), LS-DFCB-20": http://landsat.usgs.gov/documents/LS-DFCB-20.pdf.

For more information on GeoTIFF visit: http://trac.osgeo.org/geotiff

Dataset History


Each band of Landsat data in the GeoTIFF format is delivered as a grayscale, uncompressed, 8-bit string of unsigned integers. A metadata (MTL) file is included with data processed through the Level-1 Product Generation System (LPGS). A file containing the ground control points (GCP) used during image processing is also included. A processing history (WO) file is included with data processed through the National Landsat Archive Production System (NLAPS). Landsat 7 ETM+ SLC-off products processed after December 11, 2008, will include an additional directory (gap_mask) that contains a set of flat binary scan gap mask files (one per band). (Please note that the processing date and acquisition date are not necessarily the same.)


The file naming convention for Landsat LPGS-processed GeoTIFF data

is as follows:


 L           = Landsat

 M           = Mission (E for ETM+ data; T for TM data; M for MSS)

 S           = Satellite (7 = Landsat 7, 5 = Landsat 5, 4 = Landsat 4)

 ppp         = starting path of the product

 rrr         = starting and ending rows of the product

 YYYY        = acquisition year

 DOY         = Julian date

 GSI         = Ground Station Identifier

 VV          = 2 digit version number

 BN          = file type:

      B1         = band 1

      B2         = band 2

      B3         = band 3

      B4         = band 4

      B5         = band 5

      B6_VCID_1  = band 6L (low gain)  (ETM+)

      B6_VCID_2  = band 6H (high gain) (ETM+)

      B6         = band 6 (TM and MSS)

      B7         = band 7

      B8         = band 8 (ETM+)

      MTL        = Level-1 metadata

      GCP        = ground control points

 TIF         = GeoTIFF file extension

The file naming convention for Landsat NLAPS-processed GeoTIFF data

is as follows:


 LL          = Landsat sensor (LT for TM data)

 N           = satellite number

 ppp         = starting path of the product

 rrr         = starting row of the product

 OO          = WRS row offset (set to 00)

 YY          = last two digits of the year of


 DDD         = Julian date of acquisition

 MM          = instrument mode (10 for MSS; 50 for TM)

 AA          = file type:

      B1          = band 1

      B2          = band 2

      B3          = band 3

      B4          = band 4

      B5          = band5

      B6          = band 6

      B7          = band 7

      WO          = processing history file

 TIF         = GeoTIFF file extension


All Landsat 7 ETM+ SLC-off imagery processed on or after December 11, 2008, will include gap mask files. (Please note the difference between acquisition date and processing date, files dates are not necessarily the same.) The gap mask files are bit mask files showing the locations of the image gaps (areas that fall between ETM+ scans). One tarred and gzip-compressed gap mask file is provided for each band in GeoTIFF format. The file naming convention for gap mask files is identical to that described above for LPGS-processed GeoTIFF data, with "_GM" inserted before file type.

If gap mask files are not included with the data, a tutorial for creating them can be found at: http://landsat.usgs.gov/gap_mask_files_are_not_provided_can_I_create_my_own.php


The README_GTF.TXT (or README.GTF) is an ASCII text file and is this file.


Delivered via file transfer protocol (FTP): data files are tarred and g-zip compressed and will need to be unzipped and untarred before the data files can be used. UNIX systems should have the "gunzip" and "tar"

commands available for uncompressing and accessing the data. For PC users, free software can be downloaded from an online source. Otherwise, check your PC, as you may already have appropriate software available.

No software is included on this product for viewing Landsat data.


Landsat Project Information:


Landsat data access:

* USGS Global Visualization Viewer (GloVis): http://glovis.usgs.gov

* USGS EarthExplorer: http://earthexplorer.usgs.gov

* USGS LandsatLook Viewer: http://landsatlook.usgs.gov

* Landsat International Ground Station (IGS) network:


FGDC metadata:


Data restrictions and citation:


* National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)

Radarsat Antarctic Mapping Project (RAMP) elevation data citation:

Liu, H., K. Jezek, B. Li, and Z. Zhao. 2001.

Radarsat Antarctic Mapping Project digital elevation model version 2.

Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media.

For information on the data, please refer to the data set documentation

available at the following web site:



For further information on this product, contact USGS

EROS Customer Services:

Customer Services (ATTN: Landsat)

U.S. Geological Survey

Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center

47914 252nd Street

Sioux Falls, SD 57198-0001

Tel: 800-252-4547

Tel: 605-594-6151

Email: custserv@usgs.gov

For information on other products from USGS EROS:

http://eros.usgs.gov/ or https://lta.cr.usgs.gov/

For information on other USGS products:


or call 1-888-ASK-USGS (275-8747)


Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive

purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S.


Publication Date: July 2014

Dataset Citation

U.S. Geological Survey (2014) SYD Landsat raw data v01. Bioregional Assessment Source Dataset. Viewed 18 June 2018, http://data.bioregionalassessments.gov.au/dataset/fe7aa98d-ea2a-48fc-bc09-1d5ce3a50246.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Title SYD Landsat raw data v01
Type Dataset
Language eng
Licence There are no restrictions on the use and publication of data as long as the data owner is attributed as requested.
Data Status NONE
Update Frequency NONE
Landing Page https://data.gov.au/data/dataset/c5518f0b-cbce-4972-9c40-e9bc036af422
Date Published 2018-06-17
Date Updated 2019-11-20
Contact Point
Bioregional Assessment Program
Temporal Coverage N/A - N/A
Geospatial Coverage POLYGON ((0 0, 0 0, 0 0, 0 0))
Jurisdiction New South Wales
Data Portal data.gov.au
Publisher/Agency Bioregional Assessment Program