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Soil and Landscape Grid National Soil Attribute Maps - Clay 3 resolution - Release 1


This dataset and its metadata statement were supplied to the Bioregional Assessment Programme by a third party and are presented here as originally supplied.

This is Version 1 of the Australian Soil Clay product of the Soil and Landscape Grid of Australia.

The Soil and Landscape Grid of Australia has produced a range of digital soil attribute products. Each product contains six digital soil attribute maps, and their upper and lower confidence limits, representing the soil attribute at six depths: 0-5cm, 5-15cm, 15-30cm, 30-60cm, 60-100cm and 100-200cm. These depths are consistent with the specifications of the GlobalSoilMap.net project (http://www.globalsoilmap.net/). The digital soil attribute maps are in raster format at a resolution of 3 arc sec (approximately 90 x 90 m pixels).

These maps are generated by combining the best available Digital Soil Mapping (DSM) products available across Australia.

Attribute Definition: 2 micrometre mass fraction of the less than 2 mm soil material determined using the pipette method;

Units: %;

Period (temporal coverage; approximately): 1950-2013;

Spatial resolution: 3 arc seconds (approx 90m);

Total number of gridded maps for this attribute: 18;

Number of pixels with coverage per layer: 2007M (49200 x 40800);

Total size before compression: about 8GB;

Total size after compression: about 4GB;

Data license : Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC By);

Target data standard: GlobalSoilMap specifications;

Format: GeoTIFF.

Dataset History

The National Digital Soil Property Maps are generated by combining the best available digital soil mapping to calculate a variance weighted mean for each pixel. Two DSM methods have been utilised across and in various parts of Australia, these being:

          1) Decision trees with piecewise linear models with kriging of residuals developed from soil site data

          across Australia. (Viscarra Rossel et al., 2014a);

          2) Disaggregation of existing polygon soil mapping using DSMART (Odgers et al. 2014a).

          Version 1 of the National Digital Soil Property Maps combines mapping from the:

          1) Australia-wide three-dimensional Digital Soil Property Maps;

          2) Western Australia Polygon Disaggregation Maps;

          3) South Australian Agricultural Areas Polygon Disaggregation Maps;

          4) Tasmanian State-wide DSM Maps.

          These individual mapping products are also available in the CSIRO Data Access Portal

          (https://data.csiro.au). Please refer to these individual products for more detail on the DSM methods



          Specifications: Version 1 GlobalSoilMap.net products, Release 2.1, viewed 12/09/2014,


          Bishop, TFA, McBratney, AB & Laslett, GM 1999, 'Modelling soil attribute depth functions with equal-area

          quadratic smoothing splines', Geoderma, vol. 91, no. 1-2, pp. 27-45.


          Breiman, L, Friedman, J, Stone, CJ & Olshen, RA 1984, Classification and Regression Trees, Wadsworth

          statistics/probability series, Wadsworth Belmont, Ca.

          Clifford, D, Dobbie, MJ & Searle, R 2014, 'Non-parametric imputation of properties for soil profiles with

          sparse observations', Geoderma, vol. 232-234, pp. 10-8.


          Clifford, D, Searle, R & Holmes, KW 2015, 'Methods to merge disparate spatial estimates of soil

          attributes', Soil Research, in preparation.

          de Caritat, P & Cooper, M 2011, National Geochemical Survey of Australia: The Geochemical Atlas of

          Australia, Geoscience Australia, Record 2011/20 (2 Volumes), Canberra, 557 pp.


          DEWRN 2014, Mapping soil and land, Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, Government of

          South Australia, viewed 14/04/2014,


          Grunwald, S 2009, 'Multi-criteria characterization of recent digital soil mapping and modeling

          approaches', Geoderma, vol. 152, no. 3-4, pp. 195-207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.06.003.

          Hall, JAS, Maschmedt, DJ & Billing, NB 2009, The Soils of Southern South Australia, The South Australian

          Land and Soil Book Series, Volume 1; Geological Survey of South Australia, Bulletin 56, Volume 1,

          Department of Water, Land and Biodiversity Conservation, Government of South Australia.


          Holmes, KW, Griffin, TG & Odgers, NP 2015, 'Continental scale spatial disaggregation of legacy soil maps:

          evaluation over Western Australia', Soil Research, in preparation.

          Jacquier, D, Wilson, P, Griffin, T & Daniel, B 2012, Soil Information Transfer and Evaluation System

          (SITES) - Database design and exchange protocols, CSIRO Land and Water, Canberra.


          Kidd, D 2015, '80-metre Resolution 3D Soil Attribute Maps for Tasmania', Soil Research, in preparation.

          Kidd, DB, Malone, BP, McBratney, AB, Minasny, B & Webb, MA 2014, 'Digital mapping of a soil drainage index

          for irrigated enterprise suitability in Tasmania, Australia', Soil Research, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 107-19.


          Malone, BP, Minasny, B, Odgers, NP & McBratney, AB 2014, 'Using model averaging to combine soil property

          rasters from legacy soil maps and from point data', Geoderma, vol. 232, pp. 34-44.


          McBratney, AB, Mendonça Santos, ML & Minasny, B 2003, 'On digital soil mapping', Geoderma, vol. 117, no.

          1-2, pp. 3-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(03)00223-4.

          McKenzie, NJ, Jacquier, DW, Maschmedt, DJ, Griffin, EA & Brough, DM 2012, The Australian Soil Resource

          Information System (ASRIS) Technical Specifications, Revised Version 1.6, June 2012, The Australian

          Collaborative Land Evaluation Program.


          McKenzie, NJ & Ryan, PJ 1999, 'Spatial prediction of soil properties using environmental correlation',

          Geoderma, vol. 89, no. 1-2, pp. 67-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0016-7061(98)00137-2.

          Odgers, NP, Holmes, KW, Griffin, T & Liddicoat, C 2015a, 'Derivation of soil attribute estimations from

          legacy soil maps', Soil Research, in preparation.

          Odgers, NP, McBratney, AB & Minasny, B 2015, 'Digital soil property mapping and uncertainty estimation

          using soil class probability rasters', Geoderma, vol. 237-238, pp. 190-8.


          Odgers, NP, Sun, W, McBratney, AB, Minasny, B & Clifford, D 2014, 'Disaggregating and harmonising soil map

          units through resampled classification trees', Geoderma, vol. 214-215, pp. 91-100.


          Rodríguez, E, Morris, CS & Belz, JE 2006, 'A Global Assessment of the SRTM Performance', Photogrammetric

          Engineering & Remote Sensing, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 249-60.

          Schoknecht, N & Pathan, S 2013, Soil groups of Western Australia: a simple guide to the main soils of

          Western Australia, 4th ed. Resource Management Technical Report 280, Department of Agriculture and Food

          Western Australia, Perth. http://archive.agric.wa.gov.au/PC_95446.html.

          Schoknecht, N, Tille, P & Purdie, B 2004, Soil-landscape mapping in south-western Australia: an overview

          of methodology and outputs, Resource Management Technical Report 280, Department of Agriculture,

          Government of Western Australia, Perth.

          Searle, R 2014, 'The Australian Site Data Collation to Support Global Soil Map', paper presented to

          GlobalSoilMap Conference 2013, Orleans, France, 7-9 October 2013,


          Viscarra Rossel, RA 2011, 'Fine-resolution multiscale mapping of clay minerals in Australian soils

          measured with near infrared spectra', Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, vol. 116, no. F4,

          p. F04023. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JF001977.

          Viscarra Rossel, RA & Chen, C 2011, 'Digitally mapping the information content of visible-near infrared

          spectra of surficial Australian soils', Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 115, no. 6, pp. 1443-55.


          Viscarra Rossel, RA, Chen, C, Grundy, M, Searle, R, Clifford, D & Campbell, PH 2015a, 'The Australian

          three-dimensional soil grid: Australia's contribution to the GlobalSoilMap project', Soil Research, in


          Viscarra Rossel, RA, Chen, H & Hicks, W 2015b, 'Prediction of spatial distribution of soil attributes to

          depth from Australian site and covariate data', Soil Research, in preparation.

          Viscarra Rossel, RA & Webster, R 2012, 'Predicting soil properties from the Australian soil visible-near

          infrared spectroscopic database', European Journal of Soil Science, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 848-60.


          Viscarra Rossel, RA, Webster, R, Bui, EN & Baldock, JA 2014, 'Baseline map of organic carbon in Australian

          soil to support national carbon accounting and monitoring under climate change', Global Change Biology,

          vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 2953-70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12569.

Dataset Citation

CSIRO (2014) Soil and Landscape Grid National Soil Attribute Maps - Clay 3 resolution - Release 1. Bioregional Assessment Source Dataset. Viewed 12 March 2019, http://data.bioregionalassessments.gov.au/dataset/f8640540-4bb7-42ee-995a-219881e67705.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Title Soil and Landscape Grid National Soil Attribute Maps - Clay 3 resolution - Release 1
Type Dataset
Language eng
Licence Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/, (c) CSIRO
Data Status active
Update Frequency never
Landing Page https://data.gov.au/data/dataset/fe9cfb59-52d4-4fa9-99d1-e047d7f35f2a
Date Published 2018-06-06
Date Updated 2023-08-11
Contact Point
Bioregional Assessment Program
Temporal Coverage 2018-06-06 04:33:48
Geospatial Coverage POLYGON ((0 0, 0 0, 0 0, 0 0))
Jurisdiction Australia
Data Portal data.gov.au
Publisher/Agency Bioregional Assessment Program