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Smoothed Digital Elevation Model (DEM) - 1 arc second resolution - Clipped to Galilee Subregion extent


The dataset was derived by the Bioregional Assessment Programme from the 1 second SRTM Digital Elevation Model (DEM) dataset. The source dataset is identified in the Lineage field in this metadata statement. The processes undertaken to produce this derived dataset are described in the History field in this metadata statement.

A clipped version of the Australia wide 1 second -S DEM, version 1, which limits the size to the rectangular extent of the Galilee Basin Subregion, enhancing speed and efficiency for visualisation and processing.

The metadata for the Geoscience Australia 1 sec SRTM is below:

The 1 second DSM, DEM, DEM-S and DEM-H are national elevation data products derived from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) data. The SRTM data is not suitable for routine application due to various artefacts and noise.

The data has been treated with several processes to produce more usable products:

* A cleaned digital surface model (DSM)

* regular grid representing ground surface topography as well as other features including vegetation and man-made structures

* A bare-earth digital elevation model (DEM)

* regular grid representing ground surface topography, and where possible, excluding other features such as vegetation and man-made structures.

* A smoothed digital elevation model (DEM-S)

* A smoothed DEM based on the bare-earth DEM that has been adaptively smoothed to reduce random noise typically associated with the SRTM data in low relief areas.

* A hydrologically enforced digital elevation model (DEM-H)

* A hydrologically enforced DEM is based on DEM-S that has had drainage lines imposed and been further smoothed using the ANUDEM interpolation software.

The last product, a hydrologically enforced DEM, is most similar to the DEMs commonly in use around Australia, such as the GEODATA 9 Second DEM and the 25 m resolution DEMs produced by State and Territory agencies from digitised topographic maps.

For any analysis where surface shape is important, one of the smoothed DEMs (DEM-S or DEM-H) should be used. DEM-S is preferred for shape and vertical accuracy and DEM-H for hydrological connectivity. The DSM is suitable if you want to see the vegetation as well as the land surface height. There are few cases where DEM is the best data source, unless access to a less processed product is necessary.

The 1 second DEM (in its various incarnations) has quite different characteristics to DEMs derived by interpolation from topographic data. Those DEMs are typically quite smooth and are based on fairly accurate but sparse source data, usually contours and spot heights supplemented by drainage lines. The SRTM data is derived from radar measurements that are dense (there is essentially a measurement at almost every grid cell) but noisy.

Version 1.0 of the DSM was released in early 2009 and version 1.0 of the DEM was released in late 2009. Version 1.0 of the DEM-S was released in July 2010 and version 1.0 of the hydrologically enforced DEM-H was released in October 2011. These products provide substantial improvements in the quality and consistency of the data relative to the original SRTM data, but are not free from artefacts. Improved products will be released over time.

The 3 second products were derived from the 1 second data and version 1.0 was released in August 2010. Future releases of these products will occur when the 1 second products have been improved. At this stage there is no 3 second DEM-H product, which requires re-interpolation with drainage enforcement at that resolution.


To enhance the speed and efficiency for visualisation and processing of the smoothed 1 second DEM data within the Galilee Basin Subregion

Dataset History

The original, Australia wide, 1 second smoothed DEM was clipped to rectangular extents of the Galilee subregion using the Spatial Analyst 'Extract By Rectangle' tool in ESRI ArcCatalog v10.0 with the following parameters:

Input raster: source 1 second SRTM

Extent: Galilee Basin subregion polygon

Extraction Area: INSIDE

'no data' values are created outside the clip extent therefore the extent of the dataset may still reflect the national DEM extent in ArcCatalog. Check the tool details for more info.

The lineage of the source 1 second SRTM is below:

The following datasets were used to derive this version of the 1 second DEM products:

Source data

  1. SRTM 1 second Version 2 data (Slater et al., 2006), supplied by Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation (DIGO) as 813 1 x 1 degree tiles. Data were produced by NASA from radar data collected by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission in February 2000.

  2. GEODATA 9 second DEM Version 3 (Geoscience Australia, 2008) used to fill voids.

  3. SRTM Water Body Data (SWBD) shapefile accompanying the SRTM data (Slater et al., 2006). This defines the coastline and larger inland waterbodies for the DEM and DSM.

  4. Vegetation masks and water masks applied to the DEM to remove vegetation.

Full metadata, methodologies and lineage descriptions can be found in the PDF userguide within this dataset.

Dataset Citation

Bioregional Assessment Programme (2014) Smoothed Digital Elevation Model (DEM) - 1 arc second resolution - Clipped to Galilee Subregion extent. Bioregional Assessment Derived Dataset. Viewed 10 December 2018, http://data.bioregionalassessments.gov.au/dataset/0fe257aa-8845-4183-9d05-5b48edd98f34.

Dataset Ancestors

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Title Smoothed Digital Elevation Model (DEM) - 1 arc second resolution - Clipped to Galilee Subregion extent
Type Dataset
Language eng
Licence Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, (c) Commonwealth of Australia (Bioregional Assessment Programme http://www.bioregionalassessments.gov.au), (c) Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia) 2014
Data Status active
Update Frequency never
Landing Page https://data.gov.au/data/dataset/9a6ce1e6-c4d1-4aaf-9330-22fdea4a33f4
Date Published 2018-12-09
Date Updated 2022-04-13
Contact Point
Bioregional Assessment Program
Temporal Coverage 2018-12-09 00:00:00
Geospatial Coverage NONE
Jurisdiction Queensland
Data Portal data.gov.au
Publisher/Agency Bioregional Assessment Program